What causes seizures right after birth?

The underlying causes of neonatal seizures vary. They include:

  • Lack of oxygen before or during birth;
  • Infection acquired before or after birth;
  • Stroke before or after birth;
  • Blood clot or bleeding in the brain;
  • Birth defects;
  • Chemical imbalances;
  • Metabolic disorders;
  • Drug withdrawal.

About half of babies who experience seizures after birth will develop epilepsy later in life.