What is Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE)?

Hypoxic Ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE) is a brain injury caused by oxygen deprivation (hypoxia) and reduced blood flow (ischemia) to the brain, typically occurring around the time of birth. HIE can be caused by factors such as complications during childbirth, umbilical cord issues, placental abruption, maternal infections, fetal distress, or other conditions that restrict oxygen supply to the baby's brain.