Which are major complications of Meconium Aspiration Syndrome in the newborn?
Persistent chemical irritation of airways by meconium creates inflammation in the lungs that may cause long-term respiratory problems, including:
- Severe asthma-like symptoms;
- Hindered growth;
- Being prone to viral or bacterial pneumonia.
Oxygen deprivation from meconium aspiration can also lead to brain injury which can cause:
- Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy;
- Cerebral palsy;